- DrumBoard.zip (archive with source code)
- Showcase video (YouTube)
- Article about basic algorithms (in german)
The history of this project began when I got the Capacitive Touch Demo Board at the MSP430 Day 2007. This little device contains a MSP430F2013 microcontroller, a 3V battery, a light emitting diode, a couple of discrete elements and 4 capacitive touch pads.
Some time later I made a music instrument out of it. The only hardware modifications needed were the sound output pins (between the port pin P2.6 = pin 13 of the microcontroller and the ground plane, connected to the VSS pin = pin 14; pin numbers belong to the pinout of the 14-pin TSSOP package). To match the impedance, a resistor of (at least) 1k was put between the sound output (P2.6) and the audio connector (schematics in the file OneBitSoundAdapter.png in the archive above).
The software for the microcontroller was modified.
The music instrument, which I intended to build, would have to be controlled by touching the pads and should be controllable with just four of them. Drum instruments fulfill both criteria.
As the microcontroller on the board does not have a DAC, it was convinient to look into the sources of the One Bit Drum Machine (link below) for inspirations. Coincidentally, a new kind of one bit sound synthesis was invented. Using the program Sonic Visualiser (link below), I looked at the sonogram of the sound I made, trying to beat-box the bass drum. The red line, meaning dominating frequency, was so clear, it almost invited to imitate it. Doing so created a very convincing one-bit bass drum sound.
A snare and a (closed) hi-hat were created similarily. Last sound was a simple on-off switching of the sound output pin. Because the sampling frequency was just 880 Hz, the resulting sound was in the bass range. That leaded to the following layout:
The files in the archive at the beginning of this page, which belong to the project, are described below:
|DrumBoard.c||Main firmware file. Modified original firmware source.|
|DrumBoardSynth.c||Synthesizer algorithms. Main firmware file includes this file.|
|Measure_VLO_SW.s43||Assembler source of frequency measuring routine.|
|OneBitSoundAdapter.png||Schematics of the impedance adapter.|
|disclaimer.txt||Texas Instruments disclamer. Also contains the “freeware” license.|
- Video about this music instrument
- Article about one bit drum synthesis (in german)
- Sources and documentation for the original firmware/Schematics for the hardware (if the link does not work, search for keyword slaa363 at the website of Texas Instruments)
- Another sources and schematics archive
- MSP430 Day 2007 presentation slides (Touch Demo board from slide 44 on)
- Texas Instruments document about capacitive sensing
- One Bit Drum Machine
- Sonic Visualiser